China, one of the biggest countries in Asia bearing history of thousands of years, is a home to a number of historical sites. Among them, seven sites included in the UNESCO World Heritage sites, named as the Great Wall, the Potala Palace, the Forbidden City, The Terracotta Army, three Confucian sites, the Mogao Grottoes and the Summer palace are considered the most significant tourist destinations in China. The 21196. 18 Km. long Great Wall, representing ancient defensive architecture, is one of the greatest sights in the world. The Great Wall has a long history of more than 2,300 years. The Great wall, built to protect the country from the invadors, tresspassers and the nomadic groups, is spread in different states and was built by different dynasties to protect different territorial borders. Although the entire wall stretches across the mountains of northern China, sections of wall located in Jinshanling and Mutianyu are the most popular destinations for the hikers.
The Palace Museum, popularly known as The Forbidden City is one of the popular destinations for those who travel to China. Having been used as an imperial palace in the reign of Ming (1368–1644) and Qing (1644–1911) dynasties, this Palace has been constructed using the layout of the Chinese Fengshui theory. This palace, the World's largest ancient palatial structure, bears the highest quality of essence and culmination of traditional Chinese arcitecture. Another highlight of China is The Terracotta Army, the First Emperor Qin's Buried Battalions. The museum, spread at an area of 22780 square meters, contains the Terracotta army in three pits. Long back more than 8000 soldiers and 11000 bronze weapons were unearthed in these three pits. Therefore, the museum was built in memory of more than the soldiers and horses bearing bronze weapons. The Terracotta Army, the largest underground museum, can be considered the “eighth wonder of the world”. Interestingly, these Terracota soldiers face eastwards to protect Qin's empire against his enemies of the warring states during 457-221 BC.
The Potala Palace, popular Masterpiece of Tibetan Architecture, is an attractive destination for those who want to explore Chinese architecture. Potala Palace rises over a palace erected by Songtsen Gampo (617–650), founder of the Tu-Bo Dynasty. It has been used as the residence of Dalai Lamas for a pretty long time. The palace houses plenty of precious historical relics. More than 10,000 Buddha statues gorgeously ornate with gold, silver, jade, wood, or clay. Nearly 10,000 thangkas and scroll paintings depicting Budhhism, the beautiful mural paintings, wood carvings, and color paintings have made the palace an outstanding palace to visit. The 300 hectare Largest Imperial palace has been enlisted in the UNESCO World Heritage site since 1998. Natural entities such as hills, open water and landscapes have been meticulously assorted and matched with artificial objects such as temples, halls, palaces, pavilions, and bridges to form a harmonious ensemble of outstanding aesthetic value. Potala Palace, used as a royal summer palace in the Qibf Dynasty, bears exquisite layout and architecture. Potala palace is accessible by Boat cruises from the Kunming Lake. A number of stores that sell souvenirs, ssnacks, silk , jewelry, tea and snacks, are available in Suzhou Street.
The Mogao Grottoes, also known as thousand Buddha Cave is a rich treasure house of Buddhist Art in the world. The Holy Land of Buddhist Art portray exquisite mural paintings of 45,000 square meters and house 735 grottoes, 50000 historical relics and 2415 colored Buddha statues made of clay. These diverse but gorgeous trait of the Mogao Grottoes amplifies its name as the largest and the most significant “holy land” of Buddhist art. The first carving of Mogao Grottoes, done first in 366, has a construction history of spanning 16 dynasties making it the summation of Buddhist art. The Mogao Grottoes are in the vicinity of the ancient city of Dunhuang, which offers you a Crescent Spring and a miniature oasis in a pristine desert for sightseeing.
Chinese civilization has a great history of Confucianism. All the Three Confucius Historical Sites fall in Qufu of Shandong Province. The major highlights of this city is ancient stone tablets, ancient architectural buildings and Confucius culture. The Kong Family Mansion that housed the descendants of Confuscious, lie here loftily. The enormous mansion has been meticulously designed to reflect Confucian philosophy in its separation of areas for work, reception, and relaxation. The 480 roomed palace is a treasure of relics including imperial calligraphy. The Cemetery of Confucius later became the graveyard of the Kong family. In the premises are the cemetry of more than descendants Confucious. This site of Kong Lin is popularly known as Confucius Forest. After the Forbidden city, Qufu Confucius Temple is considered the second largest ancient architectural complex in the world. Although the temple was originally built as house to Confucius, it was later changed into a temple to worship Confucius from the second year of his death. After turning it into a temple, extension of the temple continued. Today, it covers an area of almost 95,000 square meters and the extension was completed in the Yongzheng Period (1722–1735) of the Qing Dynasty