Simikot Hilsa Trekking

Simikot Hilsa Trekking is the most remote region trekking in Nepal that conducts in Humla district, border with Tibet, in the far northwest of Nepal. Simikot-Hilsa trekking trail is opened in 1993, which covers the tropical to alpine climate zone and goes along around the Karnali River, the longest river in Nepal, which spread the great diversity of rare flora and fauna as well the landscapes. The economically deprived Bhotia people inhabited in a remote area are rich with their distinct preserved cultures and the great history. They follow the ancient Buddhist religion originated from Tibet. The society base on agriculture and animal husbandry, still practice Polyandry marriage system. 

The Simikot-Hilsa Trekking can also be operated in monsoon as the Humla region is in “rain shadow” geographical position. Trekking in Simikot and Hilsa offers the tropical to alpine vegetation and we may come across with different animals like wild yaks, barking deer, blue sheep, musk deer, wild horses, Himalayan black bear and even the spotted snow leopard. The trail pass by many isolated but beautiful villages offering the opportunity to experience their traditions and customs, to recognize the history and explore the old-age monasteries built more than thousand years ago. Similarly the breathtaking scenery and majestic view of Saipal and Nalakankad mountains with holiest land on earth, the Mt. Kailash is the admirable reward that cannot be gained in other trekking areas of Nepal. The Pristine beauty and wilderness of nature, unique culture and rich history of innocent and friendly inhabitants, along the trekking trail are still unexplored and welcoming all the enthusiasts. 

The Simikot Hilsa Trek is normally commenced from Simikot by flying from Nepalgunj to Simikot. Passing through numerous isolated and culturally rich villages and valleys, climbing steep passes, crossing many rivers, walking through jungle and bare land, exploring the unique customs and monuments, encountering with different animals, experiencing different climates and enjoying scenic view reach the final destination of trekking, the Hilsa town. Then following the other path of trekking trail finally, the trek concluded in Simikot itself. 

Outline Itinerary

Day 01: Arrival Kathmandu
Day 02: Kathmandu sightseeing and final preparation for the trip
Day 03: Kathmandu to Nepalgunj by flight
Day 04: Flight to Simikot (2985m) and trek to Yakpa Pul (2630m): 5 hrs
Day 05: Yakpa pul- Dhinga (3610m): 6hrs
Day 06: Dhinga - Shechi Lagna (3900m): 6hrs
Day 07: Shechi Lagna – Chumsa (4300m): 6hrs
Day 08: Chumsa –Talung (4370m): 7hrs
Day 09: Talung – Jhang (3930m): 8hrs
Day 10: Jhang – Halji (3650m) – Jhang : 4hrs
Day 11: Jhang-Til (3700m): 4hrs
Day 12: Til – Manepeme (3990m): 7hrs
Day 13: Manepeme - Hilsa (3720m): 4hrs
Day 14: Hilsa-Yari (3670m): 8hrs
Day 15: Yari -Muchu (3120m): 7hrs
Day 16: Muchu -Salli Khola (2700m): 6hrs
Day 17: Salli Khola – Dandafaya (2300m): 7hrs
Day 18: Dadaphoya - Simikot (2960m): 4hrs
Day 19: Simikot – Nepalgunj - Kathmandu by flight.
Day 20: Kathmandu free day on your own.
Day 21: Final departure.

Detailed Itinerary

Day 01: Arrival Kathmandu
Upon arrival at Kathmandu International Airport, meet our Company representative and escort to the hotel. Remaining time is free for leisure. Late evening welcome dinner in a Traditional Nepalese Restaurant with cultural show. Overnight in Kathmandu.

Day 02: Kathmandu sightseeing and final preparation for the trip
After breakfast proceed for sightseeing of Pashupatinath Temple- biggest and the most sacred Hindu temple in Nepal dedicating to Lord Shiva and Budhanilkantha Temple – sleeping Vishnu situated in the lap of Shivapuri hill. Late afternoon group meeting with detail briefing about the trip and do final preparation- collect sleeping bags, Down jacket and duffle bag. Evening can do shopping for remaining and required items. Overnight in Kathmandu. 

Day 03: Kathmandu to Nepalgunj by flight
After a short excursion within Kathmandu, we take an hour's flight from Kathmandu to Nepalgunj in Western Nepal. Nepalgunj which is a border town near Nepal-India border is the gateway to Simikot of Humla. The town itself is an interesting place. There one can visit a Mini Zoo, local market, and nearby villages. Overnight in Nepalgunj. 

Day 04: Flight to Simikot (2985m) and trek to Yakpa Pul (2630m): 5 hrs
After breakfast, transfer to the airport to take a flight to Simikot. Enjoying the fantastic scenery of vertical mountain cliffs during 40-50 minutes flight finally reaches Simikot, the head-quarter of Humla District and Nepal’s most remote and majestic district. After customs and immigration formalities begins the trek. From Simikot, climb initially before descending towards Dandafaya and then to Limi valley. We descend a steep path to Yakpapul for camping. 

Day 05: Yakpa pul- Dhinga (3610m): 6hrs
From Yakpa pul there are two trails, one lead to Yakpa village, and another to Dhinga village. After breakfast, we follow the trail to Dhinga village.  After crossing the river, we climb straight uphill until we reach Dhinga village. It is the last village before Jhang. Overnight in camp above the village.

Day 06: Dhinga - Shechi Lagna (3900m): 6hrs
Today the trail is up and down. Trek starts with gentle uphill with Junipers and alpine vegetation and then steep climb to the Shechi Lagna (4530m). From there we descend down to the meadow for camping. 

Day 07: Shechi Lagna – Chumsa (4300m): 6hrs
After breakfast, we walk down to Shingjuma (3620m) through pines tree and Junipers. Then following the upward trail along Chumsa River the vegetation become disappear and we reach campsite at Chumsa.  

Day 08: Chumsa –Talung (4370m): 7hrs
Today we can see the Api Saipal Himal (7025m) and Holy Mt. Kailash. After breakfast, we start steep but wonderful trek to Naylu Langna (4,940m) passing through beautiful waterfalls and lakes with the magnificent view of Api Saipal Himal. From Naylu Langna we can get distance view of Holy Mountain, Mt. Kailash (6,741m). After then we descend a steep path to Talung and camp at the grassy meadow.  

Day 09: Talung – Jhang (3930m): 8hrs
Today is long but beautiful trekking day. After breakfast, we walk through the valley crossing the hot spring and following the Talung River. Then leaving by Talung River, we ascend to Gumayak and Majule Patan (4220m). Then we follow the path along the Takchi Cho and finally reach Jhang village. Camp nearby river. 

Day 10: Jhang – Halji (3650m) – Jhang : 4hrs
Morning after breakfast we explore Jhang village and visit Monastery. After then we walk down along the Limi River to Halji village and visit Rinchenling Monastery, one of the oldest monastery in the Nepal Himalayas built in 11th century. Here people sell the Maple woods teapot, soup bowl, pots and more. Back to the camp for overnight. 

Day 11: Jhang-Til (3700m): 4hrs
After breakfast starts the trek along the village and passing through pine trees, Birch and mountain roses reach the bridge. Crossing the bridge we climb northwest uphill to Limi. Overnight in camp. 

Day 12: Til – Manepeme (3990m): 7hrs
Today is quite adventurous walking. We ascend through the rocky cliff to Lamka Pass. After then we walk through narrow and up & down path. From the path, the Humla Karnali looks very deep down and we may get dinginess. Finally reach Manepeme and overnight in camp. 

Day 13: Manepeme - Hilsa (3720m): 4hrs
After breakfast, we start the trek to uphill via rocky trail which is quite dangerous as the stones may fall down and need to be careful enough while walking. On the way, we may encounter with Blue Sheep. Finally, we reach Nepal-Tibet border and from there we walk down all the way to bridge on Karnali River and camp at Nepal side at Hilsa. Hilsa is the border town on the Nepal side of the Nepal-China (Tibet) border. Hilsa is also a dropping point for the pilgrims on the way to Mt. Kailash.

Day 14: Hilsa-Yari (3670m): 8hrs
Today is long walking day. After early breakfast, we start trek ascending steep barren uphill to Nara Lagna Pass (4580m) via Ranipauwa. On the way, we can see the Tibetan Plateau. From the pass, we descend all the way down to Yari village crossing check post and enjoying the views of Erega Mountain and vicinity of Thado Dhunga (4,043m). 

Day 15: Yari -Muchu (3120m): 7hrs
From Yari we descend gentle downhill to Karnali River along the open countryside with Jubipers tress, animals’ hut and enjoying the quick sights of highland birds. After crossing the Karnali River the trail to Tumkot give a magnificent sight of Dhungkar Choezam Monastery up the hill. From Tumkot the gentle ascend brings us to the Muchu. After crossing the Muchu Check post we overnight in camp.

Day 16: Muchu -Salli Khola (2700m): 6hrs
We start trek crossing the suspension bridge over Karnali River and descending down to Yanger and Yalbang Village via narrow valley. Maples, Walnut, Pines, roses and mix vegetation will make us easy and enjoyable to walk. At Yalbang Village we will be welcomed by rare Namkha Khyung Dzong Monastery found at such remoteness. From Yalbang we walk relatively flat terrain to reach Salli Khola.
Day 17: Salli Khola – Dandafaya (2300m): 7hrs
After crossing Salli Khola the trail ascend to Salli La Pass (2990m). Then after the trail is relatively flat until Kermi where the two hot springs is located nearby. After then walking through the beautiful forested ridge we reach at Dharapori and then Dandafaya. 

Day 18: Dadaphoya - Simikot (2960m): 4hrs
Today is the last day of our trek. Intially we climb towards the village of Tuling and then short descend bring us to Simikot. Evening we celebrate the success of our expedition. 

Day 19: Simikot – Nepalgunj - Kathmandu by flight.
Early morning fly back to Nepalgunj and then fly back to Kathmandu. Upon arrival in Kathmandu we will be transferred to hotel. We take rest and relax throughout the day in the hotel.

Day 20: Kathmandu free day on your own.
This is the free day and you can do some shopping and buy gifts from Nepal for friends and relatives. You can visit to some nearby shops or venture out in Thamel for typical Nepalese goods which can be assisted by our guides or you can do it yourself too. Evening we celebrate the farewell dinner together for successful completion of Simikot Trekking.

Day 21: Final departure.
We are saying good bye to the mountains as journey in Nepal comes to an end today! Approximately 3 hours before the scheduled flight a representative from Black Diamond will take you to the airport. On your way home you'll have plenty of time to plan your next adventure in the wonderful country of Nepal.

Fixed Departure Date

Jan- 4, 10, 18 ,26
Feb- 1, 9, 15, 22, 28
Mar- 8, 16, 22, 29
Apr- 5, 11, 19, 26
May- 3, 11, 17, 23, 31
Jun- 7, 15, 21
Sep- 6, 14, 20, 27
Oct- 4, 12, 18, 25, 26
Nov- 1, 7, 16, 22, 29
Dec- 6, 14, 20

Please contact us for other dates.

Price Includes:

  • All transfers, sightseeing, airport pick up and drop by private vehicle
  • Domestic flights (Kathmandu to Nepalgunj to Simikot to Nepalgunj to Kathmandu)
  • Domestic airport tax
  • 4 nights accommodation in Kathmandu with breakfast (Hotel Encounter Nepal- or Hotel Norbu Linka- or similar 3-star hotel as per availability.
  • 1 night accommodation in Nepalgunj in best available hotel
  • 15 nights accommodation in the camp during trekking
  • Welcome dinner in Nepalese Restaurant with cultural show
  • Farewell dinner
  • All meals during the trek (breakfast, lunch and dinner)
  • English Speaking Guide during sightseeing
  • Entrance fees in the monuments
  • An experienced guide, porters (1 porter for 2 people), cook and assistants during trek
  • Salary, insurance, equipments, transportation, food and lodge for the guide, porters, cook and assistants
  • All high quality camping equipments, kitchen equipment, mattress; dining, toilet and kitchen tents
  • Down jacket, four seasonal sleeping bag, duffel bag, t-shirt, and trekking map (down jacket and sleeping bag are needed to be returned)
  • All necessary paperwork and permits
  • Travel and rescue arrangement
  • A comprehensive medical kit
  • All government and local taxes.

Price Excludes:

  • International airfare
  • Nepal Visa fee
  • Travel and rescue insurance
  • Lunch and dinner in Kathmandu
  • Excess baggage charge
  • Personal expenses (phone calls, laundry, battery recharge, extra porters, bottle or boiled water, shower etc)
  • All kind of drinks
  • Extra night accommodation than the scheduled itinerary
  • Tips for guides, porters and driver

The Trekking Group
For the Simikot Hilsa Trekking, there will be one leader, one cook, assistant leader, porters for luggage carrying (1 porter for 2 trekkers) and helpers (2 helpers for trekker). This arrangement ensures that if anybody in the group is sick, the trip can still go ahead as planned. We can run the Simikot Hilsa Trek for group of any size, but generally have a maximum of twelve people, as we've found this to be the optimum size for a successful trip. However, if you'd like to make a group booking for more than twelve people together, we can arrange this too.

Health & Experience Required
Simikot Hilsa Trekking is a moderate to strenuous level trek suitable for nature lovers, passionate adventurous trekkers who carry the ability to walk at least 6-8 hours a day with a light day pack in order to avoid starvation and for energy to walk long. Walking in higher altitude is physically demanding than walking in the lower altitudes; however, if you are in excellent health with average physical fitness and have positive attitude, self confidence and strong determination, you can accomplish this trek successfully. Best tip to complete the trek will be exercising and jogging regularly for some weeks prior of the trip to enhance your strength and stability. Past hiking experience would be an asset, but no technical skill is required for this trip. It is vital that you consult with your doctor before you decide and set up for the Trek. Participants with pre-existing medical conditions such as heart, lung, and blood disease should inform Black Diamond before booking the trek.

Travel Insurance
It would be best for you to make a travel insurance before the trips that will be protected against comprehensive expenses potential to incur due to medical issues or accidents (to include air ambulance, helicopter rescue, and treatment costs). Please be noted that we don't arrange or sell insurance. 

All accommodations for the Trek are on twin sharing basis included in the trip cost and are chosen based on standard of hygiene, standard of service and food, location, etc. There are two styles of accommodations during our trekking. You will spend 4 nights in a 3-star hotel in Kathmandu and 1 night in Nepalgunj and during your trekking you will spend 15 nights in camp. If you are a solo traveler, you will share a room with someone else of a same sex of your group. If you prefer a single room, you may indicate your preference and get single rooms on request by paying a single supplement.
Why Us?
Black Diamond is primarily dedicated to satisfying our travelers from around the globe. We give our best in this field because we are committed to providing you with the best services possible from our side. 

During Simikot Hilsa Trek, you can enjoy freshly cooked Nepali cuisine, different ethnic cuisines as well as all types of international cuisine (Tibetan, Continental, Italian, Indian, etc.) from pizza and Chips to apple pie. Lunch will be served on the way to destination, dinner and breakfast in the camp while on trekking. A welcome dinner, a farewell dinner and breakfasts will be provided during your stay in Kathmandu.

Equipments & Packing List
It is best if you pack the following for your trek:
- Sun hat or scarf
- Light balaclava or warm fleece hat
- Sunglasses with UV protection

Lower Body:
- Under Garments
- Hiking shorts
- Lightweight cotton long pants
- Light and expedition weight thermal bottoms
- Fleece or wool pants (seasonal)
- Waterproof (preferably breathable fabric) shell pants

- Thin, lightweight inner socks
- Thick, warm wool hiking socks
- Hiking boots with spare laces
- Camp shoes (sneakers and/or sandals) Gaiters for hiking in winter to the base camp

Upper Body:
- T-shirts
- Light and expedition weight thermal tops
- Fleece jacket or pullover
- Fleece Wind-Stopper jacket (optional)
- Waterproof (preferably breathable fabric) shell jacket
- Down vest and/or jacket

- Lightweight gloves
- Heavyweight gloves or mittens with a waterproof shell outer (seasonal)

- Sleeping bag rated to zero degrees F 
- Headlamp (e.g. Petzl Zoom) with spare bulbs and batteries
- Trekking Bags/Duffel bag 
- Basic First Aid Kit
- Large plastic bags - for keeping items dry inside trek bag
- Daypack (approximately 2500 to 3000 cubic inches)
- Trekking Poles 
- Water bottles
- Toiletries (Small wash towel, Toilet papers etc)
- Ear Plug (who know some people on a group are snoring)

- 1 medium sized quick drying towel
- Toothbrush/paste (preferably biodegradable)
- Multipurpose soap (preferably biodegradable)
- Deodorants
- Nail clippers
- Face and body moisturizer
- Feminine hygiene products
- Small mirror

Personal Hygiene
- Wet wipes (baby wipes)
- Tissue /toilet roll
- Anti bacterial hands wash

- Binoculars
- Reading book
- Trail Map/Guide book
- Journal & Pen
- Walkman
- Pencils and small notebooks
- Travel game i.e. chess, backgammon, scrabble
- Swimming customs (for Kathmandu & Trek)

The effects of high altitude on humans are considerable. The percentage saturation of hemoglobin with oxygen determines the content of oxygen in our blood. After the human body reaches around 2,100 m (7,000 feet) above sea level, the saturation of oxyhemoglobin begins to plummet. However, the human body has both short-term and long-term adaptations to altitude that allow it to partially compensate for the lack of oxygen. Athletes use these adaptations to help their performance. There is a limit to the level of adaptation: mountaineers refer to the altitudes above 8,000 meters (26,000 ft) as the "death zone", where no human body can acclimatize. The itinerary for Simikot Hilsa Trekking is designed to minimize the risk of AMS (Altitude Mountain Sickness). 

Leader(s) & Staff Arrangements
To make your Simikot Hilsa Trek, enjoyable and memorable the most important thing you need to realize is the skilled, experienced, courteous and helpful trek leader and the crew members with the ability to operate your duration in the mountain smoothly. Your trip will be led by the best and most professional leaders that we can offer from our side. All of our trekking leaders are carefully selected on the basis of their appropriate experience, leadership skills and personal aptitude. With an objective of sustaining local communities, Black Diamond only employs Nepalese staffs who have fact and up-to-date knowledgeable about culture, ecosystem, flora, fauna, geography, and history of Nepal. Trek leaders of Black Diamond are also trained with following trainings to make them educated on potential medical issues during their trek, biodiversity and environmental issues, English language, etc:

  • Intensive Wilderness First Aid
  • Trekking Guide Training
  • Eco Trekking Workshop & Adventure Meet
  • English Language
  • Conservation and Biodiversity
  • Rock climbing, Ice Climbing and Mountaineering (for expedition leaders)

Porter Care
Though often overlooked, it's no exaggeration to say the entire trekking and expedition industry in Nepal is built on the back of hard working local porters. It is their tireless efforts carrying supplies, equipment and baggage that make journeying to these remote areas possible. So it's very unfortunate that they have endured a history of exploitation and abuse at the hands of the industry. In an effort to combat this, we are firmly committed to porter rights. We ensure all our porters are well treated, well paid and we provide the level of shelter, clothing and footwear that these harsh environments demand. Porters who become sick are treated with the same care and attention as other team members and we have previously used helicopters - at our expense - to rescue porters from dangerous situations. And for the porter's sake we require that all trekkers keep their luggage bag weight under 15kgs/33 pounds. We support the work of the International Porter Protection Group (IPPG), making our resources available to them to help improve the working conditions of the porters.

Environmental Concerns
The Humla Region is stunningly beautiful, but equally fragile. Future generations have just as much of a right to appreciate it as we do and so the tourism industry has an obligation to protect and preserve it. We employ a 'zero impact' policy on the natural environment and the traditional communities that live there. We enforce a number of do's and don'ts, and our experienced staffs can advise you on how to minimize your impact.

Best Season
March to May and October to November are the best months for the Trek. The weather is sunny and warm, with outstanding views but the nights are cold and can fall to freezing. Even in the monsoon (Jun, Jul and Aug) we can do Simikot Hilsa Trek since it lies in the rain shadow region. Winter (Dec, Jan, Feb) is more adventurous since the way in highlands are covered by snow. 

Additional Information
Our website contains as much information as possible about this trip. However, if you wish to discuss any aspect of this trip or your suitability for it please contact us by email. If you want to talk to us directly feel free to call us


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